Monthly Archives: August 2016

How Obesity Affects Vein Health

One of the most important steps you can take in preventing problematic veins is controlling your weight. Not only does being overweight and obese affect your overall health and wellbeing, but it can take a major toll on your veins as well.

The extra weight on the feet of an obese person decreases the pump function of the foot and the calf. Additionally, the fat of the leg impedes venous outflow. Abdominal fat also increase internal pressures, increasing resistance to proper venous flow. All of these factors that surround extensive weight gain impede vein function, making swelling and skin changes more likely.

Wearing tight or constrictive garments or high heels can exacerbate obese individual’s vein health. Add a sedentary lifestyle or prolonged travel in a constricted space and there is an increased risk of DVT. Obesity also increases the risk of developing blood during abdominal pelvic or orthopedic operations.

One of the best things you can do for your health is maintain a healthy weight. It is likely that a variety of ailments pertaining to obesity, like poor vein health, will dissipate once your body reaches healthy levels of fat, sugar and muscle.

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Northern Nevada’s Best Walking Trails

We’ve said it many times; walking can be an incredible exercise for vein health and wellness. So, where are your favorite places to walk in Nevada? We’ve compiled our top below!

 
Hidden Valley Regional Park
4740 Parkway Drive, off of Pembroke Drive, east Reno. Both easy and challenging hikes, great views.
Information: 775-828-6612

Bartley Ranch Regional Park
6000 Bartley Ranch Road, south Reno. Easy hiking, great views, museum and historic displays.
Information: 775-828-6612

Tom Cooke Trail
In far west Reno, trailhead behind Patagonia or at Mayberry Park.
Information: 775-334-2262

Huffaker Hills Trailhead
Easy to moderate hiking along a well-maintained gravel and dirt tread. The higher you go, the better the views. Access is from Alexander Lake Rd., off S. McCarran Blvd., next to Rattlesnake Mtn.
Information: 775-328-2000

Huffaker Park Lookout Trail
A nice suburban trail that loops around two hills and offers panoramic city views. A Reno city park.
Information: 775-334-2262

Mira Loma Park and Urban Trail
Mira Loma has a paved ADA accessible trail and lots of other amenities like playgrounds and a skatepark. A Reno city park.
Information: 775-334-2262

Rancho San Rafael Regional Park
The north section of Rancho San Rafael Park has nature trails and hiking and biking trails in Evans Canyon and on the side of Peavine Mountain.
Information: 775-785-4512

Sparks Marina Park
A flat, paved trail goes around the lake. A Sparks city park.
Information: 775-334-2262

Davis Creek Regional Park
25 Davis Creek Rd., Washoe Valley. Nature trails and a trailhead into the Toiyabe National Forest. The challenging Ophir Creek Trail climbs up past Slide Mountain, all the way to Lake Tahoe and a trailhead for the Tahoe Rim Trail.
Information: 775-849-0684

Galena Creek Visitor Center and Recreation Area Trails
18350 Mt. Rose Highway (NV 431), south of Reno. Hiking in the Sierra along Galena, Jones and White’s Creeks, and more.
Information: 775-849-2511

Washoe Lake State Park
For hikers, Deadman’s Creek Trail is a moderate climb to a fantastic viewpoint with gazebo, overlooking the lake and the Sierra of Lake Tahoe’s Nevada side. There are several other easy hikes as well.
Information: 775-687-4319

Lake Tahoe Nevada State Park
West of Carson City and near Lake Tahoe. Easy and moderate hikes, plus unsurpassed scenery. Take Hwy. 50 west from Carson City up to Lake Tahoe.
Information: 775-831-0494

Mt. Rose Summit Trail
The popular hike to the summit is strenuous. Your reward is a tremendous 360° view. Access is from the Mt. Rose Highway (NV 431) south of Reno.
Information: 775-882-2766

Tahoe Rim Trail
As the name implies, this route circles Lake Tahoe. Nearest trailhead from Reno is up the Mt. Rose Highway (NV 431) to Tahoe Meadows.
Information: 775-298-0012

Slide Mountain Trail
This short trail near the Mt. Rose ski area offers some of the best views you’ll get for not much effort. It’s close to several other top trails in this area.

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Vein health terminology: What Is Superficial Thrombophlebitis?

Superficial thrombophlebitis is an inflammatory condition of the veins due to a blood clot just below the surface of the skin. It usually occurs in the legs, but it can occasionally occur in the arms and neck. Anyone can develop superficial thrombophlebitis, but females are affected more than males.

Several factors contribute to and increase the risk of developing superficial thrombophlebitis. The more common risk factors include:

  • Recent IV, catheter, or injection into a vein
  • Sitting or lying down for too long, such as on a long flight
  • Varicose veins
  • Pregnancy
  • Infection
  • Disorders that increase blood clotting
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Oral contraceptives and hormone replacement medications
  • Being over 60
  • Chemical irritation, such as from cancer treatments
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis is also associated with more serious medical conditions, including:
  • Deep vein thrombosis (blood clot in a deep vein)
  • Cancers of the abdomen, such as pancreatic cancer
  • Factor V Leiden (a genetic blood clotting disorder)
  • Prothrombin gene mutation (a gene mutation that causes a blood clotting disorder)
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans (blockage of the blood vessels in the hands and feet)

Symptoms of superficial thrombophlebitis include:

  • Redness and inflammation of the skin along a vein
  • Warmth of the skin and tissue around the vein
  • Tenderness and pain that worsens with added pressure
  • Pain in the limb
  • Darkening of the skin over the vein
  • Hardening of the vein

Superficial thrombophlebitis is treated at home in most cases. Your doctor might recommend applying a warm compress to the affected area and elevating it to relieve swelling. Wearing support stockings can also help reduce swelling.

Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and aspirin can help reduce the redness and irritation caused by inflammation. This condition usually goes away within two weeks. It can take longer for the hardness in your vein to subside.

In a rare, serious instance, removal of the vein is necessary. This is more common if you have varicose veins.

If you think you might be at risk, we recommend contacting a doctor. If you live in Northern Nevada, contact the experienced staff at Reno Vein Clinic www.RenoVeinClinic.com (775) 329-3100

(Source)

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How to Prevent Varicose Eczema

Varicose eczema, also known as ‘gravitational eczema’ or ‘stasis eczema’, is a common skin condition that affects the lower legs of adults. If left untreated, the skin can break down to form ulcers, which are then difficult to heal. Here’s some information on what causes varicose eczema and how it can be treated in the early stages to prevent ulcers from developing.

Who gets varicose eczema?

Varicose eczema is usually seen in middle‐aged or older people, but it can occur from the teenage years onwards. You are most likely to develop this type of eczema if you have high blood pressure or varicose veins, or have had a deep vein thrombosis, phlebitis or cellulitis in the past. Varicose eczema is more common in women than in men since female hormones and pregnancy increase the risk of developing the condition.

What causes varicose eczema?

Because humans walk upright, the pressure of the blood in the veins is greater in the lower legs than anywhere else in the body when you stand up.

In active adults, the return of blood to the heart through the leg veins is usually good because muscle activity helps to push blood along. But as we get older and less active, the blood moves less well up our veins and can collect in the lower legs.

If the leg vein walls are weak, they cannot withstand high pressure in them and varicose veins develop, appearing as dark blue, wiggly, raised bulges on the surface of the legs. If someone in your family has varicose veins, the chances of you developing them are higher. If you are overweight or pregnant, your chances are increased even further. If you spend a lot of time standing up or sitting with your legs in one position (lack of mobility), the tendency to develop varicose veins is greater still.

How can varicose eczema be prevented?

There are a number of things you can do yourself to prevent varicose eczema from occurring/reoccurring:

  • Look after your legs – extra care and attention to your legs is needed for the rest of your life.
  • Lose weight if necessary.
  • Varicose veins can be treated, so consult your doctor if you think you have them. Although unfortunately, in some regions, varicose vein surgery or laser treatment is not available on the NHS.
  • If you have varicose veins, your leg veins should be supported at all times. For mild cases, which require low‐strength compression, elastic support stockings or tights, available from most pharmacies, are adequate. For more severe varicose veins, compression hosiery is made to measure and can be prescribed by your doctor or nurse.
  • If you have a venous ulcer, you will need compression bandages, which will be applied by a nurse, when your leg ulcer is dressed.
  • Always put any compression hosiery on before you get out of bed in the morning before any fluid can build up in your ankles.
  • Try not to stand still for a long time. If you have to, then frequently flex your feet or bend down at the knees. This will help to keep blood moving in the veins. Sitting is better than standing still, especially if you can sit with your feet up.
  • Exercise is important – a brisk walk twice a day or walking up stairs, can make your leg muscles work and help push blood through their veins.

(Source)

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