Compression stockings are specialized long socks, which are worn from the foot to the knee/thigh. These specialized stockings have a gradient of presser that makes it tighter in the foot and gradually less tight at the knee. Compression stockings can be worn to decrease swelling in the feet and to decrease the chance of blood clots and varicose veins.
The pressure in the stockings is graded and this allows for the stockings to constantly squeeze the leg muscles. This motion helps to drive blood back to the heart, reducing swelling and preventing the formation of blood clots.
Compression stockings are an excellent and simple method of treating disorders such as chronic venous insufficiency, varicose veins, lymphedema, post phlebitic syndrome and prevention of blood clots in the legs. The stockings do not eliminate varicose veins but do help reduce the swelling, aching and heaviness feeling that people with varicose veins experience. Wearing stockings during long plane rides is also recommended to decrease the probability of blood clot formation in legs. Compression stockings can be worn daily especially if a patient is at increased risk of blood clots. For those with varicose veins, venous ulcers and lymphedema, the stockings can be worn for years and even life. There are no complications associated with compression stockings. However, they do take time to adjust to and can be a little uncomfortable during warm weather.
The U.S. Census expects by 2015 there will be 87 million people age 55 and older. Since vascular disease primarily affects seniors, the number of vascular disease cases is expected to rise dramatically.
The vascular system is made up of arteries and veins that carry oxygen-rich blood throughout the body to organs, legs and the brain. As we age, the arteries and veins thicken with a buildup of plaque and cholesterol and get narrower. This restricts blood flow and can lead to dangerous vascular diseases that can cause strokes, ulcers and aneurysms.
Here are some practices that will have a positive impact on vascular health and keep baby boomers healthy and active for many years to come.
- Up in Smoke- Stop smoking to lower your risk of having a stroke, heart attack or developing coronary heart disease.
- Diet Right- Eating a healthy, low fat diet will keep weight from creeping on, give you more energy, prevent diseases, help you sleep better and help you age more gracefully.
- Under Pressure- Take care of your blood pressure to keep it in a normal range.
- Get Movin’- Exercise regularly. Even walking daily can improve your mood, combat chronic diseases, and help you manage a healthy weight.
People 55 and older should talk to their doctors about their vascular health. Vascular disease can be controlled if diagnosed and treated early. Vascular surgeons treat these diseases with minimally invasive procedures that are quick, relatively painless and receive great results!
For more information about vascular health or the Reno Vein Clinic, please visit our website www.renoveinclinic.com or call us at (775) 329-3100.