Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the lower limbs, leading to either partially or completely blocked circulation. DVT is a common but serious condition, which occurs in around two million Americans each year.
DVT is a sneaky condition as only about half of the people with DVT experience symptoms. Symptoms may be subtle and difficult to detect, but if ignored can result in health complications such as pulmonary embolism, the obstruction of the pulmonary artery leading to the lungs, and even death if not diagnosed and treated effectively.
Although symptoms are limited, they may include pain, tenderness, swelling discoloration of the effected area or skin that is warm to the touch. The leading causes of DVT are injury, immobility, surgery or illness, including vein disease and clotting disorders. Most victims of DVT are 60-years-old or older; however, it can strike anyone.
To minimize pain and discomfort from DVT you can elevate your legs, wear compression stockings, avoid long periods of immobility and apply heat to reduce swelling. Treatment for DVT includes medications prescribed by your doctor and in more severe cases, surgery to remove blood clots.
If you show signs or symptoms of DVT talk to one of the doctors at Reno Vein Clinic.
Summer is quickly approaching and for many it means travel. While you’re finalizing your travel plans here’s one more thing to keep in mind- being in a car or plane for an extended amount of time increases your chances of developing blood clots and Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). Because you are immobile, gravity works to pool blood into the lower part of your legs. Additionally, in a plane the pressurization of the cabin increases the tendency for pooling because blood becomes more sluggish. This can cause dangerous blood clots to form.
Even if you don’t experience Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or blood clots while traveling, you could experience long-term effects later on. Sitting still for many hours can cause permanent damage to veins. Eventually you could start to suffer from chronic swelling, heaviness and fatigue in the veins. Varicose veins can also occur as a result.
To protect your veins during long travel, doctors suggest you get up and walk around every couple of hours. If you aren’t able to get out of your seat, activate the calf muscles by doing heel raises. Compression stockings also enhance the flow of blood in the calf muscle and increase the flow up the leg. If you are going to be flying for a very long trip, start taking baby aspirin about four days before you leave and continue taking it throughout the trip until you return home. Baby aspirin has a mild blood thinning effect that will help combat the blood pooling tendency when seated for a long trip.
As long as you are aware of the risk factors associated with long trips and take the appropriate precautions to avoid Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and blood clots, you will be able to enjoy your vacation safely and ensure your veins remain strong and healthy.
If you are concerned you may be at risk for Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or blood clots, contact the doctors at the Reno Vein Clinic and schedule a free consultation at (775) 329-3100.
Varicose veins may not cause any problems, or they may cause aching pain, throbbing and discomfort. In some cases, varicose veins can lead to more serious health problems including Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).
- Sores and skin ulcers can develop due to chronic backing up of blood. These sores can be painful and take a long time to heal until the backward blood flow problem in the vein is repaired.
- Bleeding can occur because the skin over the veins becomes thin and easily injured. If an injury does occur, there can be significant blood loss.
- Superficial thrombophlebitis is a blood clot that forms in a vein just below the skin. It can cause skin redness, a firm, tender, warm vein, pain and swelling.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis is a blood clot in a deeper vein. It can cause a “pulling” feeling in the calf, pain, warmth, redness and swelling. However, DVT doesn’t always cause symptoms. If the blood clot travels to the lungs, it can be fatal.
Talk to your doctor about varicose veins if the vein becomes swollen, red or tender or if you develop sores, a rash or bleeding on the leg or ankle. Please visit www.RenoVeinClinic.com or call (775) 329-3100 to learn more about varicose veins and Deep Vein Thrombosis.